CBD cannabinoid or cannabidiol(C21H30O2) is one of the more than 140 phytocannabinoids of the hemp plant found so far. But it is definitely one of the most important! It was discovered in 1940. Cannabidiol is most abundantly represented in industrial hemp, from which we also obtain it for our products.
Cannabidiol is obtained through an extraction process
The most common extraction processes used to obtain cannabidiol are:
- alcoholic extraction and
- extraction with supercritical CO2.
The extraction itself is a chemical method in which, with the help of a solvent (alcohol or CO2), the desired molecules are extracted from a solid or liquid into another liquid phase.
How do we introduce CBD cannabinoid into the body?
CBD cannabinoid can be introduced into the body in different ways. The most common are:
- Smoking or vaporizer,
- oral intake,
- entry under language.
When we put CBD cannabinoid under the tongue (CBD paste, CBD drops) and hold it there for about 60 seconds, the molecules are absorbed directly into our bloodstream.
- CBD is swallowed (capsules, oil):
in this case, the molecules are absorbed into our digestive system and are further metabolized in the liver, which after a certain time sends the active substances into our bloodstream.
- It can also be inserted with suppositories (anal insertion). The anal mucosa is very effective because the absorption itself is very good and the results are felt quickly.
- Through the skin (ointment) – CBD cannabinoid is absorbed through the skin and affects the cells below the surface of the skin. This reaction takes place without absorption into the bloodstream.
The effect of CBD on the organism
CBD has its main effect on the peripheral nervous system and the immune system, or rather on the CB2 cannabinoid receptors, which are located mostly on immune cells. Immune cells circulate throughout our body and brain via our bloodstream.
In this way, CB2 cannabinoid receptors can get information about the condition of: skin, liver, digestive system, bones, lungs, cardiovascular system and pass it on to our endocannabinoid system. CB2 receptors are present throughout the body and are also found in some brain cells.
The brain shows their influence on:
It is a non-psychoactive molecule, whose main influence is on regulating the balance of our organism with the help of the endocannabinoid system. It binds to cannabinoid receptors indirectly and with the help of enzymes (inhibitor) enables certain bindings.
So far, it is known that CBD inhibits fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). FAAH affects the breakdown and weakening of anandamide (a molecule that plays an important role in motivation, mood…). The CBD cannabinoid therefore inhibits FAAH, weakens it and increases the concentration of anandamide.
CBD cannabinoid binds to G-protein receptors (TRPV-1 and TRVP-1), which are involved in the regulation of pain, body temperature and inflammation. In this way, the CBD molecule can also participate in this.
Due to its non-psychoactive action, it has cannabinoidsid CBD has great potential for positive effects on various conditions and is the subject of much medical research. It certainly represents the natural molecule of the future, which has access to our endocannabinoid system and can participate in many important processes in the body.